Théophraste Renaudot (b. 1586?, Loudun, - d. 25 October 1653, Paris) is considered the father of French journalism since he founded La Gazette, the first French newspaper. The foundation was at the behest of Cardinal Richelieu who wanted an effective means of propaganda and who also sought to sideline the Nouvelles Ordinaires de Divers Endroits [Common News from Many Places], founded in 1631 as a commercial venture by the booksellers Louis Vendosme and Jean Martin.
Renaudot was a wide-ranging humanist who in 1635 developed free dispensaries for the poor, and a few years later a network of pawnbroking shops.
The Gazette became La Gazette de France and under that title survived until …
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Editors. "Théophraste Renaudot founds La Gazette". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 January 2008
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=2165, accessed 19 August 2017.]