After the 1641 Catholic rebellion in Ireland against recent English 'plantation', the Irish Catholic Confederation was formed, both to control the uprising, and to attempt to form a united front against potential English or Scottish reconquest of Ireland. In September 1643, the Confederate Assembly, based at Kilkenny, agreed to come to terms with the Royalist cause, since it appeared to offer their best chance of an independent Catholic Ireland. This 'Cessation of Arms' freed up government soldiers to return to the civil war in England. A section of these troops sailed to Wales, and landed at Mostyn, in Flintshire, on 16th November, in order to protect north Wales against the Parliamentarian advance.
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