Earl of Montrose escapes from the Highlands (180 words)

Historical Context Note


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The Earl of Montrose had been King Charles I's key military commander in Scotland during the First Civil War. He had originally joined the Covenanters in the Bishops' Wars, since he resented the political power granted to the bishops by Charles's plans for the Scottish Church. However, he was by no means a Puritan, and when the Covenanters signed the Solemn League and Covenant in 1643, to ally with the English Parliamentarians, Montrose transferred his allegiance to the King. He won a series of spectacular victories in Scotland, and became master of Scotland at just the point at which Charles's own armies were facing definitive defeat with the loss of the Battle of Naseby. He was pushed back into the Highlands, but in September 1646 he e…

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  1. English Civil War