James Graham, the first Marquis of Montrose, was first appointed Captain-General of Scotland by Charles I in the aftermath of the Battle of Kilsyth, in which he effectively won control of Scotland for the Royalists in August 1645. However, at the time he was not able to push his advantage, as the King's own army in England was suffering imminent defeat. After Charles I was executed on 30th January 1649, Parliament abolished the institution of the monarchy, replacing its executive function with a Council of State. In defiance of this, his son proclaimed himself Charles II, and confirmed Montrose in his position as Captain-General.
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