In the Third English Civil War, the Commonwealth was engaged in a campaign against the Royalist alliance led by the self-proclaimed Charles II in Scotland. The Battle of Inverkeithing was an important victory for the Commonwealth forces. It was fought between a Commonwealth army led by Major-General John Lambert, and an army of Scottish Covenanters, who had signed an alliance with Charles II. Lambert's victory gave Cromwell's army control of of the Firth of Forth, a key strategic entry point into Scotland.
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