The Civil Rights Act was proposed by President John F. Kennedy in 1963. However, it was Kennedy's successor, President Johnson who oversaw the passage of a stronger bill. Johnson signed the Act on 2 July 1964. The Act was designed to end (or deter) discrimination based on colour, religion, or national origin. It also gave federal law enforcement agencies the authority to prevent discrimination in employment, voting, and in the use of public facilities. Not surprisingly, the Civil Rights Act was a highly divisive piece of legislation, and it provoked long-lasting and acrimonious debate amongst members of the U.S. Senate. White southerners were vehemently opposed to integration with blacks. Such opponents helped provoke a nasty backlash w…
Richert, Lucas Paul. "President Johnson signs Civil Rights Act". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 October 2008; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=3424, accessed 26 April 2015.]