Louis XIII (27 September 1601-14 May 1643) was the son of Henri IV of France and Maria de Medici and came to the throne aged 9 on the assassination of his father (14 May 1610). He reigned at first under the regency of his mother and her chief adviser, the Florentine Marquis d’Ancre Concini who had come to France with Maria on her marriage and was deeply suspected and disliked by the French nobility. In 1616 Henri II de Bourbon, 3rd prince de Condé, led a rebellion against Concini but was arrested. In 1617 Louis arranged with his favourite, Charles d’Albert de Luynes, to have Concini assassinated; his widow was condemned for sorcery, behead and burned. In 1624 Louis replaced de Luynes as Royal Counsellor with Cardinal Richelieu, …
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Editors. "Reign of Louis XIII of France". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=4166, accessed 21 July 2017.]