Indian Removal Act (122 words)

Historical Context Note

  • Editors


This Act of Congress, promoted by President Andrew Jackson, sought to solve the problem created by the incursion of the whites into Indian lands east of the Mississippi. The Act was ostensibly designed to enable the complusory purchase of Indian lands and the relocation of tribes to the west of the Mississippi. The five civilised tribes (the Cherokee, Chicksaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole) had adopted Western culture, including agricultural practices, trade skills, a written constitution, and Christianity. Cherokke resistance to removal was countered by the army under General Winfield Scott who forced them to move into internment camps. In 1838-39 they would be forcibly relocated to Oklahoma (see the "Trail of Tears"). The Seminole …

Editors. "Indian Removal Act". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2010
[, accessed 26 October 2016.]

Related Groups

  1. First Peoples in North America