By wisdom literature we mean works or compilations offering instruction upon moral or practical issues of life within a community of people. In the context of Greek literature, wisdom material includes mainly proverbs (Greek: paroimiai), maxims (Greek: gnomai), or longer apophthegms and anecdotes (Greek: apophthegmata and chreiai).
Distinction between these types of wisdom material is often blurry, and has given considerable trouble to scholars both in antiquity (e.g., Aristotle and his student Theophrastus) and in modern times. On the basis of such criteria as (a) type and frequency of usage, (b) form and style, and (c) theme, we may define proverb</…
Lazaridis, Nikolaos. "Greek Wisdom Literature". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 25 September 2008
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=5546, accessed 26 April 2017.]