Scots crown Charles II (206 words)

Historical Context Note

  • Editors
Download PDF Save to Bookshelf Share on Facebook Tweet Report an Error


Charles II, son of the executed King Charles I, proclaimed himself king on the death of his father in 1649. However, the English Parliament proclaimed the abolition of the monarchy, and established, first a Commonwealth, then a Protectorate under Oliver Cromwell, that lasted until Cromwell's death in 1658. In the political crisis caused by his death, however, Charles II was able to take back the throne, in a process known as 'the Restoration' which is often extended as a description of his entire reign. This period saw the origin of the 'Whig' and 'Tory' political parties that would effectively monopolise English politics until their re-formulation as 'Liberal' and 'Conservative' in the nineteenth century. Anti-Catholic feeling ran high,…

We have have no profile for this entry. If you are a qualified scholar and you wish to write for The Literary Encyclopedia, please click here to contact us.

Editors. "Scots crown Charles II". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 March 2011
[, accessed 20 October 2017.]

Save this article

If you need to create a new bookshelf to save this article in, please make sure that you are logged in, then go to your 'Account' here.