Reign of King Henry IV (216 words)

Historical Context Note

Download PDF Save to Bookshelf Share on Facebook Tweet Report an Error


Henry IV was, like his predecessor Richard II, a grandson of Edward III. The son of John of Gaunt and Blanche of Lancaster, he had been a playmate of Richard II when they were children, but had been one of the 'Lords Appellant', rebelling against Richard in 1387. Richard allowed Henry back into favour at the time, but when John of Gaunt died in 1399, he refused to allow Henry to inherit his titles and estates without personally requesting them from the king. Supported by Thomas Arundel, who had been Archbishop of Canterbury until he was ousted by Richard, Henry launched a military campaign while the king was away in Ireland, and soon was able to declare himself king and depose Richard.

His short reign was beset by difficulties …

We have have no profile for this entry. If you are a qualified scholar and you wish to write for The Literary Encyclopedia, please click here to contact us.

Related Groups

  1. European Dynastic and Religious Wars 16th-17th Centuries: France
  2. Reigns and Monarchy in the British Isles

Save this article

If you need to create a new bookshelf to save this article in, please make sure that you are logged in, then go to your 'Account' here.