Romanticism is generally considered to be a later phenomenon in Italy than in other European countries. If it may be said that the Romantic movements take a distinct, and often national, character in countries such as Germany, England, and France even before the French Revolution and certainly by the end of the eighteenth century, in Italy intellectuals and writers began discussing the tenets of Romanticism only in 1816, at the end of the Napoleonic period and at the time of the Congress of Vienna, when the flourishing of literary journals favoured cultural debates and the publication of manifestos. In addition, some of the most important figures of Italian Romanticism, such as Ugo Foscolo and Giacomo Leopardi, were initially …
Livorni, Ernesto. "Italian Romanticism". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 29 October 2009; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=7207, accessed 27 April 2015.]