In Britain, there were three different movements among High-Churchmen in the 1830s and 40s, which were clearly linked and shared prominent personnel: the Tractarians, authors of the Tracts for the Times; the ecclesiologists, who led campaigns for the building or restoration of churches along medievalist lines; and the ritualists, who wanted to introduce more ceremonial into church services. As Nigel Yates points out, there were several reasons for the wish for changes within Anglicanism, which were modelled on the Roman Catholic church:
[...] the prevailing aestheticism, antiquarianism, medievalism, and romanticism that permeated architecture, literature, politics, and religion from the late eighteenth …
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Spies, Marion. "Oxford Movement". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 April 2004
[https://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=805, accessed 18 December 2017.]