Paul-Émile Borduas: Le Refus global [Total Refusal] (1782 words)

Refus global or Total Refusal is a manifesto composed of artistic texts and lithographs, and published in Montreal by the Éditions Mythra-Mythe on August 9, 1948. The richness and multidisciplinary nature of this work are the result of the collaboration of several automatist artists from Quebec. Among them are: Paul-Émile Borduas, a painter and the author of the first three texts in the collection, the most famous of which is the eponymous manifesto “Refus global”; Claude Gauvreau, poet and playwright, who wrote three theatrical texts; and finally Bruno Cormier, Françoise Sullivan and Fernand Leduc, who enriched the collection with three other theoretical and poetic articles. The cover o…

Ali, Suzette. "Le Refus global". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 14 August 2018
[, accessed 26 August 2019.]

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