Théophile Gautier: Mademoiselle de Maupin (2121 words)

Géraldine Crahay (University of Durham)
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While French novelist, poet and art critic Théophile Gautier was an enthusiastic Romantic during the early stages of his career (his role and above all his gilet rouge in the Battle of Hernani remain famous), he progressively distanced himself from the Romantic school and its leader Victor Hugo. His novel Mademoiselle de Maupin, published in 1835 by Renduel, and above all its preface, published as an independent text in 1834, advocate the autonomy of art (Crouzet 1974 3; Weil 128, 130) and its fundamental purposelessness. This novel tells a story loosely inspired by the life of the adventuress and actress Julie d’Aubigny-Maupin (1673-1707), famous for her cross-dressing and lesbian liaisons (Monneyron 119-2…

Citation: Crahay, Géraldine. "Mademoiselle de Maupin". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 27 September 2017 [, accessed 17 January 2021.]

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