E. M. Forster: Howards End (1769 words)


Far more of a conventional novel in terms of its social sweep than Forster's previous fiction, his fourth novel has partly become famous for its epigraph, “Only connect”, which stands as a call across Forster's writing to seize the day and unite the spiritual and the material sides to life. Howards End (1910) is the story of two families, the Wilcoxes and the Schlegels. The Wilcoxes are a thriving but none-too-cultured unemotional middle-class family with a successful domestic and imperial business. They stand for industry and finance, commerce and capital: an outer life of “telegrams and anger” that embodies the Protestant work ethic and masculine endeavour. The Schlegels, Margaret, Helen and Tibby, are young …

Citation: Childs, Peter. "Howards End". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 08 January 2001 [https://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=4641, accessed 06 July 2022.]

4641 Howards End 3 Historical context notes are intended to give basic and preliminary information on a topic. In some cases they will be expanded into longer entries as the Literary Encyclopedia evolves.

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