Friedrich Nietzsche’s Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik [The Birth of Tragedy, 1872], written in Basel between 1869 and 1871, was his first major work, and Nietzsche subsequently appended an “Attempt at a Self-Criticism” to the introduction and amended its title to Die Geburt der Tragödie oder Griechenthum und Pessimismus in 1886. The text belongs to the Romantic tradition and exhibits a multiplicity of arguments in relation to art, aesthetics, and tragedy, and is an attempt to find inspiration in Richard Wagner’s operatic works for a rebirth of Greek cultural values in Nietzsche’s contemporary German society. …
Gallagher, David. "Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 17 October 2007; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=5592, accessed 28 April 2015.]