Voltaire, Candide

Max Shrem (Independent Scholar - North America)
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Candide ou l’Optimisme [Candide or Optimism] (1759) is a philosophical tale written by Voltaire. This genre, perfected by Voltaire, combines the story structure and supernatural aspects of a fairytale with the ideological reflection of a philosophical treatise. The most read and commented work by Voltaire, Candide summarizes the writer’s thought vis-à-vis religious tolerance, the hypocrisy of philosophical discourse, and major political changes gripping his century. This hybrid genre engages with a variety of writings in vogue during the 18th century, ones with which Voltaire himself experimented: the epic, tragedy, satire, epigram, the philosophical treatise, the pamphlet, and the historical chronicle. In Candide, Voltaire communicates his thoughts on a European society in crisis,…

4183 words

Citation: Shrem, Max. "Candide". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 08 February 2018 [https://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=6091, accessed 02 December 2023.]

6091 Candide 3 Historical context notes are intended to give basic and preliminary information on a topic. In some cases they will be expanded into longer entries as the Literary Encyclopedia evolves.

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