Voltaire: Candide (4183 words)

Max Shrem (Independent Scholar - North America)
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Candide ou l’Optimisme [Candide or Optimism] (1759) is a philosophical tale written by Voltaire. This genre, perfected by Voltaire, combines the story structure and supernatural aspects of a fairytale with the ideological reflection of a philosophical treatise. The most read and commented work by Voltaire, Candide summarizes the writer’s thought vis-à-vis religious tolerance, the hypocrisy of philosophical discourse, and major political changes gripping his century. This hybrid genre engages with a variety of writings in vogue during the 18th century, ones with which Voltaire himself experimented: the epic, tragedy, satire, epigram, the philosophical treatise, the …

Citation: Shrem, Max. "Candide". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 08 February 2018 [https://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=6091, accessed 22 June 2021.]

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