Anthony Burgess (1917-1993) wrote A Clockwork Orange shortly after his “terminal” year when he produced a spate of novels in the belief that he would die shortly from a brain tumour. The year passed, and he lived. A Clockwork Orange was published in London by William Heinemann in May 1962, following One Hand Clapping (1961) and preceding The Wanting Seed (1962), a similarly grim dystopian novel. Soon after its British release, A Clockwork Orange was published in a truncated version by W. W. Norton in the USA. It has been reprinted dozens of times, thanks in large part to the controversial film which was released in 1971. In 2010 Penguin reprinted it as part of its Modern Classics series and …
Nichol, Donald W.. "A Clockwork Orange". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 12 July 2011; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/sworks.php?rec=true&UID=7225, accessed 18 April 2015.]