Alfred L. Castle is an independent scholar. He serves as executive director of America's oldest family foundation, the Samuel N. and Mary Castle Foundation , and has written two books and some 50 journal articles, book reviews and encyclopedia entries. His interest lies in philosophy in literature, Hawaiian history, history of philanthropy, and U.S. diplomatic and intellectual history. He is a Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Colorado State University (BA, MA in History) and has also studied at the University of New Mexico, Columbia University and the University of Virginia. He is the recipient of numerous academic fellowships and grants from such organizations as the National Endowment for the Humanities, the University of Virginia and the Hoover Presidential Library. He was a Coolidge Fellow at Episcopal Divinity School(Cambridge) in 1982.