Toni Bowers, Ph.D., is Professor of English at the University of Pennsylvania. She is the author of Force or Fraud: British Seduction Stories and the Problem of Resistance, 1660-1760, which includes discussions of a number of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century epistolary fictions, and The Politics of Motherhood: British Writing and Culture, 1680-1760. In addition, she has co-edited (with John Richetti) an abridged edition of Samuel Richardson's Clarissa, and has published more than thirty scholarly essays and book reviews. She is currently co-editing (with Professor Tita Chico) a collection of essays called Seduction and Sentiment in the Atlantic World . Among many other courses at the University of Pennsylvania, Professor Bowers teaches an advanced year-long seminar on Epistolary Fiction. She is working on an expanded essay on the subject for The Oxford History of the Novel in English.