ILARIA NATALI teaches English Literature at the University of Florence, where she has been temporary researcher since 2008. She is particularly interested in genetic approaches to Joyce criticism and completed her PhD on this topic. In 2008, she published two books about Joyce's avant-textes, "That submerged doughdoughty doubleface": Pomes Penyeach di James Joyce (Pisa, ETS) and The Ur-Portrait (Firenze, FUP). She has published several other articles and spoken at numerous conferences over the past years. Her other research interest include XVIII century prose writing and the study of folly in XVII century literature.