Literary Encyclopedia

Articles linked to group 'Victorian Scientific Thought and Applications'


Alfred Russel Wallace
Charles Babbage
Charles Darwin
Charles Lyell
Erasmus Darwin
Georges Cuvier
Herbert Spencer
James Clerk Maxwell
Louis Agassiz
Michael Faraday
Robert Chambers
Samuel Butler
Sir William Hamilton
T. H. Huxley
William Paley


Absolute zero point of temperature discovered by Lord Kelvin
Age of Earth estimated
Argon discovered
Arthur Cayley shows that quaternions can be used to represent rotations in four-dimensional space
Charles Darwin's voyage on the Beagle
Charles R. Darwin and Alfred Wallace independently propose natural selection theories of evolution
Darwin's theory of evolution creates controversy
Differential nature of solar rotation discovered by Richard Carrington
Discovery that light propagation is influenced by external magnetic fields
Distribution law of molecular velocities stated by Maxwell
Dynamic theory of the electromagnetic field formulated by Maxwell
Electricity-powered motor built by Michael Faraday
Electron discovered by Joseph Thomson
George Stokes defines the Stokes parameters of polarization
George Stokes proves Stokes’ Law
James Joule and Lord Kelvin demonstrate that a rapidly expanding gas cools
Joseph Fourier first announces his discoveries about the trigonometric decomposition of functions
Joseph Fourier formally introduces the use of dimensions for physical quantities
Law of induction stated by Michael Faraday
Laws of electrolysis stated by Michael Faraday
Light described as an electromagnetic phenomenon by Maxwell
Lord Kelvin formally states the second law of thermodynamics
Maxwell theorizes on the nature of Saturn’s rings
Mechanical equivalent of heat found by James Joule
Michael Faraday discovers electromagnetic radiation
Neon, krypton, and xenon discovered by William Ramsay and Morris Travers
Seismograph invented by John Milne
Social Darwinism
Solar flares discovered by Richard Carrington
Terrestrial helium discovered
Uranium radiation explained by Rutherford
William Clifford suggests that the motion of matter may be due to changes in the geometry of space
William Hamilton begins his analysis of Hamilton’s characteristic function
William Hamilton discovers the calculus of quaternions


Darwin, Charles. On the Origin of the Species by Means of Natural Selection. 1859.
Darwin, Charles. The Descent of Man. 1871.