Jean-Paul Sartre was born on 21 June 1905 in Paris. His father, Jean-Baptiste, was a naval officer, and his mother, Anne-Marie Schweitzer, was of the professional middle-classes and a first cousin of the world-famous missionary Albert Schweitzer. The death of his father when “Poulou” (as he was known in his family) was still a baby was later described by Sartre as the most significant event of his life; it obliged his mother to take her child back to live with her parents in Meudon and, later, Paris. Sartre’s sheltered childhood – he was largely educated at home by his mother and grandfather – came to a jolting end with the remarriage of his mother in 1917 to an engineer named Joseph Mancy. The threesome moved …
Leak, Andrew. "Jean-Paul Sartre". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 31 October 2005; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=3940, accessed 26 April 2015.]