William Shakespeare

(2691 words)
  • Lois Potter (University of Delaware)

The world's most quoted poet and dramatist was born in the market town of Stratford-upon-Avon between 22 and 24 April, 1564. As the eldest surviving child of a successful middle-class glover and businessman who held several important borough offices, he may have attended the local grammar school, but his formal education probably ended around 1577 when his father's fortunes abruptly declined. Several reasons have been suggested: his own faults (drink and bad judgement), unavoidable factors (national economic depression), and conscience (he may have been a Roman Catholic, susceptible to increasing penalties from 1570 on).

Shakespeare married the already pregnant Anne Hathaway in 1582, when he was only 19, and by 1585 was the f…

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Citation:
Potter, Lois. "William Shakespeare". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 31 July 2001
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=5160, accessed 03 September 2014.]

Articles on Shakespeare's works

  1. A Lover's Complaint
  2. A Midsummer Night's Dream
  3. All's Well That Ends Well
  4. Antony and Cleopatra
  5. As You Like It
  6. Cardenio
  7. Coriolanus
  8. Cymbeline
  9. Hamlet
  10. Henry IV, Part One
  11. Henry IV, Part Two
  12. Henry V
  13. Henry VI, Parts One, Two & Three
  14. Henry VIII
  15. Julius Caesar
  16. King John
  17. King Lear
  18. Love's Labour's Lost
  19. Macbeth
  20. Measure for Measure
  21. Much Ado About Nothing
  22. Othello
  23. Pericles
  24. Richard II
  25. Richard III
  26. Romeo and Juliet
  27. Sonnets
  28. The Comedy of Errors
  29. The Merchant of Venice
  30. The Merry Wives of Windsor
  31. The Rape of Lucrece
  32. The Taming of the Shrew
  33. The Tempest
  34. The Two Gentlemen of Verona
  35. The Two Noble Kinsmen
  36. The Winter's Tale
  37. Timon of Athens
  38. Titus Andronicus
  39. Troilus and Cressida
  40. Twelfth Night
  41. Venus and Adonis

Related Groups

  1. English Renaissance Theatre - Elizabethan
  2. Revenge Tragedy
  3. English Renaissance Theatre - Jacobean
  4. The Sonnet Tradition