In 1917, when he was already a well-known poet, Antonio Machado Ruiz wrote a mid-life fragment of autobiography. In typically modest words, Antonio Machado records the bare facts of his life to middle-age. He taught French in provincial backwaters of Spain; he married; and soon after, to his great sadness, his young wife died. But all this while, he was writing magnificent poetry. These few facts conceal a story of lifelong engagement with the landscape and destiny of a newly awakening Spain.

For two centuries Spanish society had been in decline, suffering from widespread corruption and economic inertia, living with an outdated illusion of its greatness (Graham 2005; Preston 2006). A coalition of clergy, military and the …

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Citation:
Early, Patrick. "Antonio Machado". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 24 March 2014
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=11889, accessed 21 April 2014.]