Avant-garde writer Hans Carl Laertes Artmann, known as H. C. Artmann, was the founder and leading member of the innovative Vienna Group of writers, painters and jazz musicians that flourished in the 1950s and the early 1960s, but exerted artistic influence that continues to the present day. Other well-known members were Friedrich Achleitner, Konrad Bayer, Gerhard Rühm and Oswald Wiener. Some critics use the term “Vienna Group” broadly, applying it to an era lasting into the 1970s and including such authors as Thomas Bernhard and Peter Handke. However, Gerhard Rühm has stated flatly that the Group ceased to exist with the suicide of Konrad Bayer in 1964. The Group promoted co-operative projects, living an intense …
Saur, Pamela S.. "H. C. Artmann". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 10 February 2010; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=12735, accessed 21 April 2015.]