Pío Baroja is one of the best-known authors of twentieth-century Spain, yet he remains something of an enigma in literary history. He was a prolific writer whose sixty-six novels encompass a variety of generic models, including psychological, philosophical, social and historical fiction, among other types. His most famous works include Camino de perfección [The Way to Perfection] (1902), a novel in which the original rendering of psychological states foreshadows Luis Martín-Santos’ celebrated Tiempo de silencio [Time of Silence] (1961), and the philosophical El árbol de la ciencia [The Tree of Knowledge] (1911). Despite the diversity of his novelistic output and approach, and the uneven quality of criticism it …

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Murphy, Katharine Anne. "Pío Baroja". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 06 September 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=12928, accessed 29 September 2016.]