Sadeq Hedayat was born on 17 February 1903 and died on 9 April 1951. He is the author of The Blind Owl, the most famous Persian novel both in Iran and in the west. Many of his short stories are written in a critical realist style and are regarded as amongst some of the best written in 20th century Iran. But his most original contribution was the use of modernist, more often surrealist, techniques in Persian fiction. Thus, he was not only a great writer, but also the founder of modernism in Persian fiction.
Yet both Hedayat’s life and his death came to symbolize much more than leading writers would normally claim. His personality and psychological moods, his intellectual flare, his cultural values, his social …
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Katouzian, Homa. "Sadegh Hedayat". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 14 June 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=12980, accessed 24 August 2017.]