Frances Harper

(325 words)
  • Terry Novak

Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, African-American writer, social activist, and educator, was born in Baltimore, Maryland on September 24 1825 to free parents who died while Harper was very young. Harper was raised in middle class circumstances by her uncle, William Watkins, a minister who ran the William Watkins Academy for Colored Youth. She was early on persuaded of the importance of education, abolition, and social justice. Harper herself became a teacher and spent a good deal of her life on the lecture circuit, first fighting for abolition then for the rights of the newly freed African-American population. Throughout her lifetime Harper wrote prolifically, most often focusing her work on themes of race and gender. Her only full-…

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Novak, Terry. "Frances Harper". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 24 January 2002
[, accessed 28 November 2015.]

Articles on Harper's works

  1. A Brighter Coming Day
  2. Iola Leroy, or Shadows Uplifted
  3. Minnie's Sacrifice
  4. Poems on Miscellaneous Subjects
  5. Sketches of Southern Life
  6. Sowing and Reaping
  7. Trial and Triumph