James Clarence Mangan (1803 – 1849) was a poet, translator and essayist who gave a voice to Irish nationalism before and during the Famine years. He was well connected with the Young Ireland movement. Mangan seems to have had little or no Irish himself, but he was provided with English translations to rework. He also translated poems from many cultures via German anthologies. His original poems are sometimes presented as translations, while his translations are sometimes so free that they become original works. He published mainly in journals; a two volume Anthologia Germanica (1845) was the sole book length publication in his lifetime.
Mangan was born in Dublin in 1803. His father from Co. Limerick had married …
Littlewood, Derek. "James Clarence Mangan". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 09 August 2004
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=2911, accessed 23 January 2017.]