Friedrich Nietzsche

(4473 words)
  • Peter Sedgwick (University of Wales, Cardiff)

The thought of Friedrich Nietzsche has had a pervasive influence on Western thought since his death. Psychologists such as Sigmund Freud and existential philosophers such as Karl Jaspers, Martin Heidegger and Albert Camus have acknowledged their debt to his work, as have the post-structuralist and deconstructionists thinkers Michel Foucault and Jacques Derrida. Nietzsche has also influenced many great literary authors, notably George Bernard Shaw, André Gide, Rainer Maria Rilke, W. B. Yeats, Thomas Mann, Herman Hesse and André Malraux. Nietzsche's influence is grounded in the fact that he wrote with poetic force and elegance to express what his age in any case believed – that “God is dead”, that human kind is alone on the face …

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Sedgwick, Peter. "Friedrich Nietzsche". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 19 March 2004
[, accessed 29 September 2016.]

Articles on Nietzsche's works

  1. Der Antichrist [The Antichrist]
  2. Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik [The Birth of Tragedy from the Spirit of Music]
  3. Die Götzen-Dämmerung [Twilight of the Idols]
  4. Ecce Homo [Behold the Man]
  5. Unzeitgemässe Betrachtungen [Untimely Meditations]
  6. Zur Genealogie der Moral [On the Genealogy of Morals]