George Sand (born 1 July, 1804; died 8 June, 1876), the pen name of Aurore Amadine Lucie Dupin, Baronne Dudevant, was one of the most widely read and venerated novelists in nineteenth-century Europe. Thanks to her unorthodox personal life (she left her husband after eight years of marriage for a series of lovers that included Musset and Chopin), she was to many an object of scandal, as much for her adoption of masculine dress and cigar smoking as for her numerous liaisons. As a writer, she enjoyed a European-wide popularity. Her novels, numbering more than fifty, which recount the travails of heroes and heroines who seek passionate love, flee the tyranny of unhappy marriage or struggle against class constraints, struck a chord with her c…
Gordon, Felicia. "George Sand". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 23 May 2003; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=3925, accessed 21 April 2015.]