(4891 words)
  • Jula Wildberger (American University of Paris)

In terms of influence, Lucius Annaeus Seneca the Younger (c. 1 BCE – 65 CE) had no equal among the writers of his times. His prose became the paragon of a new style in contrast to the classical Latin of Cicero or the even older archaic diction that began to be favoured by men of letters in the second century (Aulus Gellius 12.2; Fronto. “Letter to Marcus Aurelius about Speeches” 2, p. 153-4 van den Hout). Quintilian, a star advocate and rhetorician some forty years younger than Seneca, presents a reading list for the Roman orator – our earliest history of Greek and Latin literature – in which Seneca is reserved for an unusually long discussion and given a special place of pride, as well as blame, at the very end of the …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Wildberger, Jula. "Seneca". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 18 February 2012
[, accessed 27 May 2016.]

Articles on Seneca's works

  1. Agamemnon
  2. Apocolocyntosis (divi) Claudii
  3. De beneficiis [On benefits]
  4. De Brevitate Vitae [On the Shortness of Life]
  5. De Clementia [On Clemency]
  6. De Consolatione ad Helviam matrem [Consolation to Helvia]
  7. De Consolatione ad Marciam [Consolation to Marcia]
  8. De Consolatione Ad Polybium [Consolation to Polybius]
  9. De Constantia Sapientis [On the Firmness of the Wise Man]
  10. De Ira [On Anger]
  11. De Otio
  12. De providentia [On providence]
  13. De tranquillitate animi [On peace of mind]
  14. De Vita Beata [On the Happy Life]
  15. Dialogi [Dialogues]
  16. Epistulae morales ad Lucilium [Letters to Lucilius]
  17. Hercules
  18. Hercules Oetaeus
  19. Medea
  20. Naturales Quaestiones [Natural Questions]
  21. Octavia
  22. Oedipus
  23. Phaedra
  24. Phoenissae
  25. Thyestes
  26. Troades

Related Groups

  1. Revenge Tragedy