Sophocles

(5105 words)
  • Josh (D. G.) Beer (Carleton University)

Sophocles (ca. 496-406 B.C.) provides the central link that ties together the dramatic careers of the three famous Greek tragedians. As a young playwright he became a rival of Aeschylus (ca. 525-456). Shortly after the latter’s death, Euripides (ca. 485-407) produced his first plays, and the two younger tragedians were rivals for almost fifty years in what was a highly competitive art form. The main theatre festival in Athens, held annually in honor of the god Dionysus, required three tragic playwrights to produce four plays each as part of a competition, three tragedies and a satyr play (a light afterpiece that had a chorus of satyrs). In his over sixty-year theatrical career Sophocles became the preeminent tragedian of the fifth …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are not a subscriber, please click here to read about membership. All our articles have been written recently by experts in their field, more than 95% of them university professors.

Citation:
Beer, Josh (D. G.) . "Sophocles". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 05 November 2012
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=4151, accessed 21 December 2014.]

Articles on Sophocles' works

  1. Antigone
  2. Electra
  3. Oedipus Tyrannus [Oedipus the King]

Related Groups

  1. Revenge Tragedy