Mark Twain (2778 words)

  • Louis J. Budd (Duke University )

Mark Twain, by the end of his career, would exemplify the American ideal of intellectual, social, and financial mobility. Sketchily educated, he rose to eminence as a literary figure, internationally honored as not just a humorist but also both a public oracle and a fabulist. Born into a raw, near-frontier community, he climbed the social scale to a position of lavish respectability as head of a family that would travel widely in first class, although his financial situation was often precarious throughout his life. Alert as a child to his parents' and siblings' declining status, in later life Twain accumulated enough wealth to spend and lose heavily on entrepreneurial ventures. Famed for his novels, travel writings, witticisms, and …

Budd, Louis J.. "Mark Twain". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 26 July 2005
[, accessed 25 October 2016.]

Articles on Twain's works

  1. “[Date, 1601.] Conversation, as it was by the Social Fireside, in the Time of the Tudors"
  2. A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court
  3. Life on the Mississippi
  4. Roughing It
  5. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
  6. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
  7. The American Claimant
  8. The Gilded Age
  9. The Innocents Abroad
  10. The Prince and the Pauper

Related Groups

  1. Literature of the American South