Ousmane Sembène is arguably Africa's foremost film director and one of the continent's leading writers. Indeed, he is rightly regarded as the “father of the African cinema”. Sembène was born in Ziguinchor (Casamance) in southern Sénégal in 1923 and began life as a fisherman, following in the line of work of his father. Sembène's achievements are all the more impressive given the fact that he received very little formal education, mostly at l'Ecole de Ceramique (trade school) at Marsassoum where he remained until the age of 15. He moved to Dakar to work as plumber/bricklayer and apprentice mechanic and in 1939 was drafted into the French army in the war against Nazi Germany. In 1942 he joined the Forces Françaises …

Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are a member (student of staff) of a subscribing institution (see List), you should be able to access the LE on campus directly (without the need to log in), and off-campus either via the institutional log in we offer, or via your institution's remote access facilities, or by creating a personal user account with your institutional email address. If you are not a member of a subscribing institution, you will need to purchase a personal subscription. For more information on how to subscribe as an individual user, please see under Individual Subcriptions.

Nzegwu, Femi. "Sembène Ousmane". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 June 2002; last revised 18 April 2008.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=5016, accessed 26 November 2015.]