Gryphius was Germany’s greatest Baroque poet and dramatist, giving a powerful voice to the suffering and misery of the Thirty Years’ War that ravaged the country between 1618 and 1648 as a result of the bitter split between Catholics and Protestants since Martin Luther’s Reformation started in 1517. Gryphius was also a proponent of modern sciences and the humanities.
Gryphius was born on 2 October 1616, the same year Shakespeare died and two years before the outbreak of the Thirty Years’ War, to the fifty-six-year old Lutheran archdeacon of Glogau in Silesia, Paul Gryphius (Greif), and his third wife Anna, thirty-two years his junior. Glogau, though in the reign of the Catholic Emperor, was a center of Lutheran …
Classen, Albrecht. "Andreas Gryphius". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 27 September 2007
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=5448, accessed 26 October 2016.]