In 1966 Cheikh Anta Diop and W.E.B. Du Bois were jointly awarded the prestigious African World Festival of Arts and Culture prize for scholars who had “exerted the greatest influence on African peoples in the 20th century”. Diop’s scholarship benefited immensely from his impressive multidisciplinary training in France between 1946 and 1960. He was a physicist, mathematician, philosopher, historian, linguist, anthropologist and Egyptologist. Whilst the defining focus of Diop’s scholarship is undoubtedly Kemet - from Kmt, the name the “Ancient Egyptians” used of themselves - his near-40 years of research work and publications, which culminated in Civilisation ou barbarie, 1981 [

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Ekwe Ekwe, Herbert. "Cheikh Anta Diop". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 17 May 2005
[, accessed 26 September 2016.]