Johannes Kepler’s contributions to early-modern mathematics and astronomy were of major import and deeply determined the future course of both areas of sciences. Drawing from new discoveries by contemporary astronomers, especially Copernicus and Brahe, Kepler established the first planetary laws and laid the foundation for the ultimate paradigm shift from a geocentric to a heliocentric worldview.
He was born in Weil der Stadt (Württemberg, Germany) on 27 December 1571 as the first child of Heinrich Kepler and his wife Katharina, née Guldenmann. In 1574 his father sought employment as mercenary in the Netherlands, followed by his wife the next year, who left Johannes in the care of his grandparents. The …
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Classen, Albrecht. "Johannes Kepler". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 26 May 2005
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=5922, accessed 22 August 2017.]