Police club demonstrators at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago

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Historical Context Note

The 1968 Democratic National Convention was held in Chicago, Illinois, from 26th August to 29th August, 1968 to select a new nominee to run as the Democratic Party's presidential candidate. Various disparate anti-Vietnam war groups used the occasion to gather and protest against the war, but Chicago's mayor Richard Daley (15th May, 1902 - 20th December, 1976) was determined to suppress any demonstration by maintaining a large police presence. The 10,000 protestors who gathered were faced with 11,900 Chicago police, 7,500 Army regulars, 7,500 Illinois National Guardsmen, and 1,000 FBI and Secret Service agents. Daley also refused permits for legal demonstrations to groups such as the Youth International Party (YIPPIES), but the groups …

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