Civil war in the British Isles had first broken out in 1638, in Scotland, in response to King Charles I's attempts to impose a new Book of Common Prayer on the largely Presbyterian Scottish population. With the Puritan party dominant in the English Parliament, in January 1645 they now also passed an Act rejecting the extant Prayer Book, and replacing it with a Presbyterian Directory of Worship.
The Book of Common Prayer to be replaced by the Presbyterian Directory of Worship (65 words)
Historical Context Note
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