The “Fronde” rebellion in France (495 words)
Historical Context Note
The death of Cardinal Richelieu on 4 December 1642 and of Louis XIII on 14 May 1643 ended a period of severe repression which was filled by the appointment by Anne of Austria, mother and regent of Louis XIV, then 4 years and 8 months old, of Cardinal Mazarin, viewed as an upstart foreigner. Increasing taxes and very poor harvests in 1646 and 1647 led to growing popular revolt. In June 1848 the parliament of Paris sought to profit from these tensions by producing a “déclaration de 27 articles”, an anti-absolutist constitution based on the reinstatement of traditional liberties. The arrest of a counsellor on 26 August led to the erection of barricades, and Mazarin backed down, but once the Treaty of Westphalia had ended the T…
Editors. "The “Fronde” rebellion in France". The Literary Encyclopedia.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=4170, accessed 21 October 2016.]