American Colonization Society established to transport free blacks to Africa

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The American Colonization Society was established with the aim of 'returning' freed African Americans slaves and also free African Americans and their descendants to Africa. A colony was established in Liberia for this purpose, after initial attempts to found a colony in Sierra Leone were unsuccessful. Though members of the ACS were largely pro-abolitionist Quakers who believed 'repatriation' offered African Americans the best opportunities, support for the society came from mixed quarters. Anxieties over a rapidly growing African American population and the subsequent impact on the economy, as well as fears over slave rebellions, fuelled a less than idealistic desire to see a large scale immigration of black people. This meant that …

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