Editors. "Bleeding Kansas". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 March 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=10922, accessed 09 March 2014.]
Small civil war fought between proslavery and antislavery advocates for control of the new territory of Kansas. In reprisal for the Sack of Lawrence and the attack on Sumner, John Brown and six companions murder five pro-slavery men at Pottawatomie Creek in Kansas. A war of reprisals left 200 dead in Bleeding Kansas.