On the 9th of September, 1971 rioting broke out at the Attica Correctional Facility in Attica, New York. Racism was rife amongst prison officers and over half the inmates were African American. Tensions had grown after news had broken of the killing of black activist George Jackson in a California prison. After 4 days of negotiations with the prisoners, who held a number of staff hostage, the prison was stormed with guns and tear gas by state police. 39 people were killed in the disturbance.