The city was founded on the site of Ithome by the Theban general Epaminondas as part of his strategy of liberation of Messenia from Spartan control.
Bouchard, Elsa. "Foundation of Messene". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 March 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=11259, accessed 13 December 2013.]