Theory and Definition of Tragedy
The definition of a literary genre is always problematic. Description of specific examples often slides into prescription of what the genre should be like in a rather circular attempt to measure how well those examples adhere to an ideal. In the case of tragedy, this is because theoretical writing has often stemmed from a need to defend theatre from the charge that it is an inherently immoral activity. Such attacks have been commonplace for as long as theatre has existed, partly because theatre so obviously brings to life in the person of the actor a mere fiction (even a “lie”), or a shadow of reality (see Plato Republic 595c, 598d, 605c-d, 607a, 602 b); partly because this …
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King, Ros. "Tragedy". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 November 2004
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=1132, accessed 23 June 2017.]