U.S. Embargo Act as reprisal for French and British restrictions and, for the Chesapeake Incident, by which the U.S. withholds raw materials and finished products with idea of forcing belligerents to end the wars.
Editors. "US Embargo Act against Britain and France". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2008
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=1162, accessed 28 November 2015.]