Editors. "League of Gotha created as an association of Protestant princes". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 November 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=14359, accessed 19 December 2013.]
An association of German Protestant princes is formed, when the Elector John of Saxony and Philip, Landgrave of Hesse, sign the League of Gotha. This is extended by a further agreement signed at Torgau, creating the League of Torgau. Its aim was to oppose the terms of the Edict of Worms, which outlawed Martin Luther and demanded his punishment as a heretic.